Gujarat is situated between 20o1' and 24o7' north latitudes and 68o4' and 74o4'east
longitudes on the west coast of India. It is bounded on the west by the Arabian
Sea, on the north-west by Pakistan, on the north by Rajasthan, on the east by Madhya
Pradesh and on the south and south-east by Maharashtra.
The state of Gujarat occupies the northern extremity of the western sea-board of
India. It also shares an international border with Pakistan at the north western
fringe. It has the longest coast line about 1600 km which is also the longest among
Indian states. The state comprises three geographical regions.
1. The peninsula, traditionally known as Saurashtra. It is essentially a hilly tract
sprinkled with low mountains.
2. Kutch on the north-east is barren and rocky and contains the famous Rann (desert)
of Kutch, the big Rann in the north and the little Rann in the east.
3. The mainland extending from the Rann of Kutch and the Aravalli Hills to the river
Damanganga is on the whole a level plain of alluvial soil.